The vestibular system is a component of the inner ear that communicates with your brain to allow your body to determine where it is in space and helps create a sense of balance. Vestibular dysfunction can occur with a variety of diagnoses, including vestibular hypofunction, Meniere's Disease, and concussion. Vestibular therapy can be beneficial for people experiencing dizziness or imbalance, including patients with peripheral or central vestibular dysfunction. The physical therapist will first perform an evaluation that includes balance and vestibular testing to establish treatments for problems found upon assessment, including dizziness, nausea, imbalance/falls, and difficulty walking or moving. The issues can vary for each person but often include some or all of the following: difficulty with balance, dizziness, gaze instability, and poor tolerance for exercise (exertion).
- Balance activities on varied surfaces while moving or stable
- Exercises for Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex (VOR) or Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex (VOR) cancellation
- Exercises to improve tolerance to movement and the environment
- Graded exercise/exertion